What is PANDAS/PANS?
PANS stands for Paediatric Acute-Onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome, which is believed to be triggered by infections, metabolic disturbances, and other inflammatory reactions.
PANDAS stands for Paediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptococcal Infections, a subset of PANS, caused by the body’s reaction to a strep infection.
What are the symptoms?
Many children appear to develop OCD and tics ‘overnight’ and these are often the most obvious symptoms. However, PANDAS can also reveal itself as sudden unexplainable rages, involuntary or uncontrollable crying. personality changes (some parents say they have a ‘different child’), ADHD, anorexia, e g fear of choking, fear of throwing-up, extreme fears and / or rituals, separation anxiety, sensitivity to clothing, noise, light, taste, noticeable decrease in handwriting or math skill, frequent urination or accidents.
Why does this happen?
When a person has an infection, the antibodies produced in their system fight the infection. In Pandas, however, it is believed that the antibodies attack the cells in the basal ganglia of the brain, causing abnormal movements and other neuropsychiatric symptoms. Simply put, PANDAS is Rheumatic Fever of the Brain.